Hi, my name is Masha (Maria) Esipova. I am currently a Postdoctoral Researcher in linguistics at the University of Konstanz. Previously, I was a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow (PI of EU project 891493 “GeMeTIC”) at the University of Oslo (2020–2022) and a Postdoctoral Research Associate and Lecturer at Princeton University (2019–2020). I hold a PhD in linguistics from New York University (2019).
I am a formal semanticist with a profound interest in how meaning composition and meaning expression are situated within a larger architecture of grammar. Within the UniKn project I am on (“Alternative Questions and Beyond”, PI: Maribel Romero), I work on prosody–syntax–semantics–pragmatics of different types of questions, with the current focus on rhetorical and repeated questions. Besides that, much of my recent work has focused on performative meaning, i.e., meaning that is intrinsically linked to the act of producing a certain form (e.g., expressing one's immediate emotions by uttering words like damn) and, thus, cannot be recovered during ellipsis/anaphora resolution and does not lend itself well to modeling in terms of truth conditions. Within truth-conditional meaning, I have also worked extensively on various aspects of the at-issue vs. not-at-issue distinction. In addition, I am interested in the syntax–semantics–pragmatics of event and situation descriptions, in how language can be used to maintain power imbalances and to fabricate false or misleading narratives, and in meaning–form mappings beyond language (with current focus on pictorial representations and athletic movement).
When working on a specific topic, I systematically look at how the relevant meaning is expressed via various channels (e.g., for spoken language: strings of segments, prosody, hand and body gestures, facial expressions, etc.). By doing so, I acknowledge that we can combine conventionalized and non-conventionalized meaning–form mappings, where the form can in principle have any physical manifestation, within a single coherent compositional structure, and I aim to investigate both channel-independent universals of meaning composition as well as channel-specific constraints on meaning expression. In terms of specific languages, my research relies primarily on data from English and Russian, with occasional inclusions from other languages. In my undergraduate years, I also worked on Russian Sign Language (my publications from that time are all in Russian and are available on request) and hope to be able to work on signed languages again in the future.
I recently organized an interdisciplinary workshop on performative expression of meaning in language and beyond at UiO. Check it out here.